How to Use Garbage to Create Electricity


Creating Biogas from Waste Products

Waste into Wonder (photo credit: onesevenone via photopin cc)

Waste is a huge problem in the world, but new endeavors are formulating plans to use garbage as a useful resource. One of these is to convert waste into electricity.

There are many items around us that can generate heat, and surprisingly waste products are one of these. Heat generated from waste to create electric power is a great benefit to the earth because it can eliminate materials that ruin the ozone layer. Molecular thermoelectric devices can help harvest energy directly from the sun and reduce the need for photovoltaic cells that are used in solar panels.

Don’t Waste!

There is so much garbage on the planet that many countries wind up dumping their waste in lesser developed countries. This garbage, however, could be used to generate power so it is a resource that is being considered useful. Biofuel can be made from processed garbage, which would replace gasoline and decrease global carbon emissions by 80 per cent. Biofuels can be produced from living organisms or metabolic by-products (that is, organic or food waste products). For fuel to be regarded as a biofuel it must have over 80 per cent renewable materials.

The Benefits of Biogas

Biogas is a gas that is produced from organic matter. It is created by being broken down biologically to create electricity. It is a commonly used form of renewable energy, mainly used in domestic and industrial spheres. Biogas is a blend of carbon dioxide and methane, and it’s created by plant as well as animal waste. In the home, biogas is mainly used for cooking. It creates less pollution than traditional cooking gas.

The EGG Machine

You can get in on the action of turning your garbage into power by making an EGG – Electricity from Garbage Generator. This machine can produce electricity without harming the environment. It is easy to make and the bonus is that you can recycle your garbage instead of throwing it away. Make sure you only use organic materials from your trash, however.

What You’ll Need

A container. This will be used as the digester and it’s the place where your trash will be stored.
A second, larger container. This is where you will put the reservoir and water.
A bucket. This is your reservoir and it must therefore be smaller than the second container because it will be placed inside it.
Steam engine or cooker.
Hose. This will go from the reservoir to the steam engine or cooker.
Small stick. This is used to secure the hose in the reservoir.
Wire and ropes
Tap – this will control the exit of biogas from the reservoir.


  1. Using a pencil, draw a circle on the top of the digester (the smaller container) that fits the diameter of the hose. Take the knife and make a hole on the circle you’ve drawn.
  2. Cut the hose into two pieces, with one piece being longer than the other. The long piece will be used later to transfer the biogas from the reservoir to the boiler or cooker. The second piece will transfer the biogas from the digester to the reservoir.
  3. Push about seven inches of the short piece of hose into the digester through the hole you have made and seal the hole with the silicone to prevent the biogas from escaping.
  4. You can see a diagram for these steps here.
  5. Fill the big container with water.
  6. Fasten the hose from the digester and the longer piece of hose to a small stick. You can do this with the use of wire or rope. Remember not to make the fastening too tight as you want the biogas to move through the hoses.
  7. Make two holes on the the side of the bucket by using the hammer and nail.
  8. Secure the stick and two pieces of hose to the bucket using wires (you can loop the wire through the holes you made in step 6. Be sure that the stick and hoses are near the base of the bucket.
  9. You can see diagrams for the above steps here.
  10. Place the bucket upside down inside the large container that is filled with water. Push it to the base of the container so that you get rid of any air. Make sure that it is surrounded by water completely.
  11. Put a tap in the end of the long hose that will transfer the biogas from the reservoir to the boiler. This will control how much gas can exit.
  12. Put the digester on a stand so that it is higher than the reservoir. You can place trash in the digester with the use of a cone
  13. Place organic trash into the digester and wait for it to be consumed by bacteria. This is where the biogas is produced. It’s important to remember that this gas is flammable! Biogas produces CO2, however it creates 50 per cent more energy for the same amount of CO2 production when compared to gasoline, so it is not as much of an environmental pollutant.
  14. Once the biogas is produced, it is collected in the hose and stored in the reservoir.
  15. The hose will transmit the biogas over to the boiler in order to make electricity that can be used for various purposes, such as to heat water or cook.
  16. To make electricity, you will require a boiler and steam engine. The biogas will warm up the water to be boiled and then the steam will be transferred to the steam engine.


What are your favorite ways to use garbage in green ways? Tell us in the comments box below! 


Responses to:

How to Use Garbage to Create Electricity

  1. mahadevappa

    i want to start a factory in hubli karnataka please give me the details

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Are you looking to create this factory around turning waste into electricity?

      1. Nisarg

        Sir, in our institute, we have a few hostels inside our campus, which generate a good amount of food waste (70-90 Kg) daily.I wanted to do some research on the feasibility of establishing a biogas plant – only based on food waste from hostel-mess; in our institute.Can you please give me the tables and charts showing the calculations of waste food vs. generated biogas and biogas vs. electricity.Please also show the details about how to obtain electricity from biogas efficiently.

        It would be a great help to me if you can please provide some suggestions about the same.I also request you to provide the information about your technology transfer services or professional services,if available.

        Thank you for co-operation.

    2. jowin johny

      ya. i want to exicute this is in ma village. can u help me.

  2. gourav gupta

    sir,iam mechanical engineer(2nd year) &i want to made electricity with garbage material.
    i have also doing work on this project,but my practical is fail continuosly.Then please suggest me about use of garbage in the form of electricity

    1. Arjun Jolly

      what methods are you currently using? did you try the method outlined in this article?

    2. youhanna

      hey i am in school and i have a project i m from lebanon i need you to help me if you can with my project can you say to me how i can do a represantation of it wich take less than 1 week to do plz and i need explanations

  3. Heather

    definitely got me hooked with ur webpage! I will wind up
    being back again significantly more frequently.

  4. Dee

    Wat can u replc fo a steam machine!!

  5. Dick Wang

    trash hose supplier in China for your reference

  6. vaishali

    i found this article very interesting and am willing to work it out.. could you please tell me why the reservoir is filled with water? what does it have to do with the storage of biogas?

    1. Arjun Jolly

      It is needed in order to boil the water and generate steam

    2. kennedy

      just only to generate steam

  7. amar

    i am 2year studt garbage was explayan how to do sir

  8. Alexander Mapira

    Thank you for the education on garbage electricity but I realy wanna know more about it.

    Thank you

  9. nithin

    i want a project to do in science fair can u please sent it to my gmail

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Are you looking to complete this project in your science fair? Let us know and we can send you more info.

  10. kaydene

    i want all the info i can get on this subject.

  11. Wajeed Pathan

    I really need whole info about this project sir… I’m currently working on this project but couldn’t get the exact idea… so plz Sir I’m in a gr8 need of abstract nd whole info about this…

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Wajeed – are you currently working on the project of creating electricity from garbage? what kind of information can we provide to you that would help?

    2. Mukesh Gupta

      I want to start electric production from garbage by putting amount 1 crore in rupees

  12. kaydene

    i hope to learn about this i know there is counties that use this way for there electric

  13. David T

    how many kilowatt can this EGG produce

  14. parry

    how can you apply this method on a larger scale and also if there is other methods because i wish to learn more since its a project on my mind

  15. ram

    Hi gourav
    Can you tell me How much expences for start the cimpany .
    To generate 350 mw elecricity.

  16. C G Reddy

    Can we think of bigger capacity? Want to start on a pilot basis in Bangalore. Is it possible to share more details.

  17. mphotza

    what’s a boiler

  18. Fatana

    Sir, I want to do this project in my science fair. I need your help. Could you please send me the details?


    We want to set up a factory and an Estate here in Nigeria and we want to generate our power independently. How much will it cost us?


    i m interested in setting up a plant which can produce electricity from garbage so kindly send the detail what i actually need to set up my send ur contact details so that i can be in touch with u .

    1. Dasappa T

      can you send the details of a project ,electricity produced from muncipal garbage.

  21. Nikhil

    I want to know that “Is there any pollution due to the burning of garbage which would cause harm to human being ?

  22. satya

    Any one can help me

    I am planing to start this project.

  23. Pee Kay

    Great process, but have some questions:
    1. What is the time estimate for the bacteria to produce the gas
    2. Can it be replicated for a large scale?

  24. NIKHIL

    Sir is this method harmful for the environment ?

  25. rashi

    hey.. there is a science fair in my college please provide me with some projects based upon electricity..

  26. NIKHIL

    Sir is this method will be useful in future ?

  27. Praveen

    Can u send me procedure so that i can experiment

    1. mounesh

      sir please tell me the procedure i can experiment

  28. Sunil

    how much capital is required to generate electricity which is sufficient for a small village which has 1000 houses using waste

  29. lalit

    sir , i want to start factory in Maharashtra and the factory i was think how can i convert garbage waste into electricity, and while surfing i came to this page. So, please sir help me with the all detail and i need ur support i like to start this type of factory which would be helpful for our environment.

  30. Neerja Saxena

    Sir, i have triedmany ways to get electricity from garbage but each time failed. I was trying to do it for a village near by. your i want to try your method as well. what do you mean by hose?
    can you give picture diagram and steps so that i come to get success this time?

    1. kennedy

      its a hose pipe

  31. Nada Rustom

    my son is on g6 , he is looking for how to generate electricity from waste food for a science fair, can you help please or send me photos ???

    thank you so much

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Sure – please submit what you need through the contact form and our team will do their best to help!

  32. mudassir

    Plz help me I m much worried. Plz snd me fesibility report how to produce electricity from garbage

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Hi M what are you looking for exactly?

  33. annapurna

    i as a teacher trying to do this project for my students at science exhibition ,& i hope the work of producing energy will be more easy if can saperate the things as biodegradebles &nonbiodegradebles please give me an idea for this

  34. Nitesh

    Great article, really appreciate this, Can you please help me to understand it in more depth.
    1. How much waste will be required to start this project?
    2. What would be the output from this plant?
    3. How much initial investment cost to start this project?

    Kindly reply

  35. Dickson Katto

    my 11 year old niece tasked me to explain more about bio-energy.
    He is in primary Six and they had studied in Science the previous day about different forms of energy.

    He fell in love with your article and now wants to do the experiment.
    He would like to present it at their end of year speech day at their school.
    It motivated him that vowed to purse Biochemical engineering when he gets to the University.

  36. Anne

    Hello. I’m a 9th grade student and I am very much pleased with your idea of coming up with this machine. I would like to ask, since we made this as our group Science Investigatory Project, if there are people who successfully did this project and what circumstances they have encountered. Thank You.

  37. Jackie A. Carbert

    Hello, my name is Jackie Carbert and I am studying Geography and Environment and Natural Resources here at the University of Wyoming. My niece, Izzy, is in 7th grade and looking to participate in a science fair. She asked for my help and we both decided we wanted to go the energy route since energy is basically Wyoming’s most important resource! I was looking for ideas to help her along and using garbage to create electricity seemed like a good idea. I found this page and am just looking on how we could replicate this model you have described above in a science fair manner? What type of organic matter should be used? How dangerous is the biofuel? If we choose to use this we may need help along the way, so I would love to be in touch with someone! Thank you so much. Please email me if possible

  38. Anne

    I am a high school student from the Philippines and we chose this as our science investigatory project. We have done the following steps that you have given. However, we do not know how to do the last step because there is no picture of the boiler and steam engine. We do not know where to get it. We would like to ask if there are alternative materials that we can use for it.

  39. Saurabh

    I wanna start the production of electricity by Waste, so please
    tell me about
    1) Machinery required
    2) Estimated cost for setup
    3) Is there any government aid for this ?

  40. Kristi

    Hey I am doing this for my school science fair and I saw you said there was more info and i would love to have it. plz email it too me as soon as possible, i would truly appreciate it.

  41. Nikhil dua

    I want to know tha amount of electricity this machine can generate nd how much time?

  42. Yeshua

    Am a graduate of Electrical Engineering. I want to pursue my masters degree in renewable energy. Am interested in this idea about using waste to generate electricity. Please I needs ideas about project topics I would like to work on in relation to waste. Thank you

  43. abhishek kumar

    I am interested in the models and how they work.
    this is a great opportunity to being in your touch and let the knowledge flow in both directions.
    I was preparing a small model for the testing but it was not up to the mark, I have many ideas for the betterment of the basic models so the we can produce more from less.
    I want to have discussion for the related topic.

  44. Michelle L

    I’d like to do this for a project. Please give me a brief explanation of what is going on inside of this machine.

  45. Rajesh sinha

    Hi, i’d like to start this one… manufacturing electricity from garbage.. can any one help me out with it’s details and technology and approx budget apart of land.

  46. saad

    I am not able to understand these steps withput diagram can you send me block diagram of this procedure described above

  47. easy

    what type of waste is required?
    what is the quantity of waste that can be generated with time

  48. Ijay

    Hi. I love the info on your website. Can this be done on a large scale to supply electricity to a town? Where can I get a boiler or a steam engine. I’m really interested in this. Can I have more info?

  49. dominic

    hi! I love your idea, would like to know more about this project and its details for us to incorporate it to our theme “livability” and would also like to hear more livability projects that are sustainable and innovative. Thank you!

  50. Wubetu

    The technology is very important but i couldnot use. I used as a digester 3 litter jerican,i fill 40 p garbage:50p water:10p space close by its cup through its cup i installed hose. I filled paint bucket with water ,i used plastic bottle of glue as reservoire left and right side i make holes to insert hose from digester the other goes to stove and i roughly tie with stick.I filled the paint backet with water and put stone over the upside sit top of reservoire. I think that i do as your step but no gas at all ,what is y mistake please let me know.

  51. Bethwel

    I would like to do the waste-to-electricity generator project on a personal level,to test its commercial viability and perhaps do more research on it, and I would like you to email me the whole process and any other relevant information regarding it

  52. Anupam mathur

    I am a student at crescent public school and I want help from u about this project for my science fair
    can u tell me how to generate electricity from biogas by boiling it in cooker(last part of article)

  53. Princess

    Can we use all kind of trash. Not only the organic trash?

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