How to Use Garbage to Create Electricity


Creating Biogas from Waste Products

Waste into Wonder (photo credit: onesevenone via photopin cc)

Waste is a huge problem in the world, but new endeavors are formulating plans to use garbage as a useful resource. One of these is to convert waste into electricity.

There are many items around us that can generate heat, and surprisingly waste products are one of these. Heat generated from waste to create electric power is a great benefit to the earth because it can eliminate materials that ruin the ozone layer. Molecular thermoelectric devices can help harvest energy directly from the sun and reduce the need for photovoltaic cells that are used in solar panels.

Don’t Waste!

There is so much garbage on the planet that many countries wind up dumping their waste in lesser developed countries. This garbage, however, could be used to generate power so it is a resource that is being considered useful. Biofuel can be made from processed garbage, which would replace gasoline and decrease global carbon emissions by 80 per cent. Biofuels can be produced from living organisms or metabolic by-products (that is, organic or food waste products). For fuel to be regarded as a biofuel it must have over 80 per cent renewable materials.

The Benefits of Biogas

Biogas is a gas that is produced from organic matter. It is created by being broken down biologically to create electricity. It is a commonly used form of renewable energy, mainly used in domestic and industrial spheres. Biogas is a blend of carbon dioxide and methane, and it’s created by plant as well as animal waste. In the home, biogas is mainly used for cooking. It creates less pollution than traditional cooking gas.

The EGG Machine

You can get in on the action of turning your garbage into power by making an EGG – Electricity from Garbage Generator. This machine can produce electricity without harming the environment. It is easy to make and the bonus is that you can recycle your garbage instead of throwing it away. Make sure you only use organic materials from your trash, however.

What You’ll Need

A container. This will be used as the digester and it’s the place where your trash will be stored.
A second, larger container. This is where you will put the reservoir and water.
A bucket. This is your reservoir and it must therefore be smaller than the second container because it will be placed inside it.
Steam engine or cooker.
Hose. This will go from the reservoir to the steam engine or cooker.
Small stick. This is used to secure the hose in the reservoir.
Wire and ropes
Tap – this will control the exit of biogas from the reservoir.


  1. Using a pencil, draw a circle on the top of the digester (the smaller container) that fits the diameter of the hose. Take the knife and make a hole on the circle you’ve drawn.
  2. Cut the hose into two pieces, with one piece being longer than the other. The long piece will be used later to transfer the biogas from the reservoir to the boiler or cooker. The second piece will transfer the biogas from the digester to the reservoir.
  3. Push about seven inches of the short piece of hose into the digester through the hole you have made and seal the hole with the silicone to prevent the biogas from escaping.
  4. You can see a diagram for these steps here.
  5. Fill the big container with water.
  6. Fasten the hose from the digester and the longer piece of hose to a small stick. You can do this with the use of wire or rope. Remember not to make the fastening too tight as you want the biogas to move through the hoses.
  7. Make two holes on the the side of the bucket by using the hammer and nail.
  8. Secure the stick and two pieces of hose to the bucket using wires (you can loop the wire through the holes you made in step 6. Be sure that the stick and hoses are near the base of the bucket.
  9. You can see diagrams for the above steps here.
  10. Place the bucket upside down inside the large container that is filled with water. Push it to the base of the container so that you get rid of any air. Make sure that it is surrounded by water completely.
  11. Put a tap in the end of the long hose that will transfer the biogas from the reservoir to the boiler. This will control how much gas can exit.
  12. Put the digester on a stand so that it is higher than the reservoir. You can place trash in the digester with the use of a cone
  13. Place organic trash into the digester and wait for it to be consumed by bacteria. This is where the biogas is produced. It’s important to remember that this gas is flammable! Biogas produces CO2, however it creates 50 per cent more energy for the same amount of CO2 production when compared to gasoline, so it is not as much of an environmental pollutant.
  14. Once the biogas is produced, it is collected in the hose and stored in the reservoir.
  15. The hose will transmit the biogas over to the boiler in order to make electricity that can be used for various purposes, such as to heat water or cook.
  16. To make electricity, you will require a boiler and steam engine. The biogas will warm up the water to be boiled and then the steam will be transferred to the steam engine.


What are your favorite ways to use garbage in green ways? Tell us in the comments box below! 


Responses to:

How to Use Garbage to Create Electricity

  1. mahadevappa

    i want to start a factory in hubli karnataka please give me the details

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Are you looking to create this factory around turning waste into electricity?

    2. jowin johny

      ya. i want to exicute this is in ma village. can u help me.

  2. gourav gupta

    sir,iam mechanical engineer(2nd year) &i want to made electricity with garbage material.
    i have also doing work on this project,but my practical is fail continuosly.Then please suggest me about use of garbage in the form of electricity

    1. Arjun Jolly

      what methods are you currently using? did you try the method outlined in this article?

  3. Heather

    definitely got me hooked with ur webpage! I will wind up
    being back again significantly more frequently.

  4. Dee

    Wat can u replc fo a steam machine!!

  5. Dick Wang

    trash hose supplier in China for your reference

  6. vaishali

    i found this article very interesting and am willing to work it out.. could you please tell me why the reservoir is filled with water? what does it have to do with the storage of biogas?

    1. Arjun Jolly

      It is needed in order to boil the water and generate steam

    2. kennedy

      just only to generate steam

  7. amar

    i am 2year studt garbage was explayan how to do sir

  8. Alexander Mapira

    Thank you for the education on garbage electricity but I realy wanna know more about it.

    Thank you

  9. nithin

    i want a project to do in science fair can u please sent it to my gmail

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Are you looking to complete this project in your science fair? Let us know and we can send you more info.

  10. kaydene

    i want all the info i can get on this subject.

  11. Wajeed Pathan

    I really need whole info about this project sir… I’m currently working on this project but couldn’t get the exact idea… so plz Sir I’m in a gr8 need of abstract nd whole info about this…

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Wajeed – are you currently working on the project of creating electricity from garbage? what kind of information can we provide to you that would help?

    2. Mukesh Gupta

      I want to start electric production from garbage by putting amount 1 crore in rupees

  12. kaydene

    i hope to learn about this i know there is counties that use this way for there electric

  13. David T

    how many kilowatt can this EGG produce

  14. parry

    how can you apply this method on a larger scale and also if there is other methods because i wish to learn more since its a project on my mind

  15. ram

    Hi gourav
    Can you tell me How much expences for start the cimpany .
    To generate 350 mw elecricity.

  16. C G Reddy

    Can we think of bigger capacity? Want to start on a pilot basis in Bangalore. Is it possible to share more details.

  17. mphotza

    what’s a boiler

  18. Fatana

    Sir, I want to do this project in my science fair. I need your help. Could you please send me the details?


    We want to set up a factory and an Estate here in Nigeria and we want to generate our power independently. How much will it cost us?


    i m interested in setting up a plant which can produce electricity from garbage so kindly send the detail what i actually need to set up my send ur contact details so that i can be in touch with u .

  21. Nikhil

    I want to know that “Is there any pollution due to the burning of garbage which would cause harm to human being ?

  22. satya

    Any one can help me

    I am planing to start this project.

  23. Pee Kay

    Great process, but have some questions:
    1. What is the time estimate for the bacteria to produce the gas
    2. Can it be replicated for a large scale?

  24. NIKHIL

    Sir is this method harmful for the environment ?

  25. rashi

    hey.. there is a science fair in my college please provide me with some projects based upon electricity..

  26. NIKHIL

    Sir is this method will be useful in future ?

  27. Praveen

    Can u send me procedure so that i can experiment

  28. Sunil

    how much capital is required to generate electricity which is sufficient for a small village which has 1000 houses using waste

  29. lalit

    sir , i want to start factory in Maharashtra and the factory i was think how can i convert garbage waste into electricity, and while surfing i came to this page. So, please sir help me with the all detail and i need ur support i like to start this type of factory which would be helpful for our environment.

  30. Neerja Saxena

    Sir, i have triedmany ways to get electricity from garbage but each time failed. I was trying to do it for a village near by. your i want to try your method as well. what do you mean by hose?
    can you give picture diagram and steps so that i come to get success this time?

    1. kennedy

      its a hose pipe

  31. Nada Rustom

    my son is on g6 , he is looking for how to generate electricity from waste food for a science fair, can you help please or send me photos ???

    thank you so much

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Sure – please submit what you need through the contact form and our team will do their best to help!

  32. mudassir

    Plz help me I m much worried. Plz snd me fesibility report how to produce electricity from garbage

    1. Arjun Jolly

      Hi M what are you looking for exactly?

  33. annapurna

    i as a teacher trying to do this project for my students at science exhibition ,& i hope the work of producing energy will be more easy if can saperate the things as biodegradebles &nonbiodegradebles please give me an idea for this

  34. Nitesh

    Great article, really appreciate this, Can you please help me to understand it in more depth.
    1. How much waste will be required to start this project?
    2. What would be the output from this plant?
    3. How much initial investment cost to start this project?

    Kindly reply

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